At the Heart of the Silk Roads
At the Heart of the Silk Roads
In the shade of mulberry trees, the city of Bukhara was an important stop on the Silk Road. A museum city that testifies to the rich past of Central Asia.
Bukhara- Buqaraq of the sogdienwhich would mean "fortunate place" and Vihara in Sanskrit which means a Buddhist monastery.
It is a city in Uzbekistan, located in the south-central part of the country. It is located on the lower reaches of the Zarafshan River, in the middle of an oasis, on the eastern edge of the Kyzyl Kum desert. It was connected by caravan routes to Mervet to the valleys of the rivers Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya (Naryn)
In the ninth century, the city becomes the capital of the Persian Samanid dynasty (875-999) and the appearance of the city is changed again: eleven access gates are observed, the "rabad" (suburb) extends around the inner part ("chakhristan"), the population increases significantly, professions determine the place of residence, many mausoleums and mosques are built (including the mausoleum of the Samanids)
In 999, the city was invaded by the Qarakhanids. At that time, monuments, still visible today, were built: the minaret of Arslan-Khana (Kalian minaret), the mosque of Magoki-Attari, the mosque of Namezgokh, the mausoleum of Chashma-Ayub (the source of Job)
Bukhara gave its name to the bougran, a strong canvas used in the lining of clothes, spelled boquerant by Marco Polo.
Bukhara is also the generic name given to Turkmen carpets, the main trading center of which is the Ashgabat Bazaar. These carpets are subdivided into teke andyomouth, the names of the two main Turkmen tribal families. Their very typical style can be easily recognized because the decoration of the field consists of the repetition of the same decorative motif, the goul, emblem of the weaver tribe.
The 140 monuments protected by UNESCO testify to the historical and cultural richness of this city.
The Ark Citadel
The Bolo Hauz Mosque
The Magok-i-Attari Mosque
The Po-i-Kalon complex
The Koch madrasas etc
Samarkand is famous for its surprisingly long history - it is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded 8 centuries BC. In the old days, this city was the most important point connecting East and West, and the Silk Road passed through Samarkand. Therefore, here, as nowhere else, a huge number of cultural and historical monuments have been preserved - such as mausoleums, museums, mosques, the ruins of ancient settlements and much more.
Samarkand was proclaimed in 2001 by UNESCO crossroads of cultures and world heritage site.
The mausoleum of Mahmoud Pahlavan is an architectural complex in Khiva, one of the best works of Khiva architecture of the middle of the XIX century, made in the traditions of Khorezm architecture up to the Timur era. The mausoleum of pahlavan Mahmoud (1247-1326) has long been considered a sacred place where Uzbeks, Turkmens, Karakalpaks and representatives of other peoples made and made pilgrimages. According to the Will, pahlavan Mahmoud was buried in his own leather tanning workshop. Over time, a revered place of pilgrimage appeared here, and later a complex named after him appeared.
The Kalon Mosque or Kalan, which means "great Mosque", is the former main mosque of Bukhara in Uzbekistan. It was decommissioned for worship in 1924. Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site, like the entire historical center of the city, it was built at the beginning of the sixteenth century under the Chaybanids on the site of an ancient twelfth-century Friday mosque. It could accommodate twelve thousand people. It is the most important Transoxiana mosque by its dimensions after that of Bibi-Khanum (1399-1404) in Samarkand. It is located opposite the Mir-i Arab Madrasah. It has been restored by UNESCO.
According to the decision of the Republican Special Commission, from June 10, 2022, temporary restrictions related to the coronavirus will be lifted on entering Uzbekistan by air, border stations and border checkpoints.
In this regard, the rules requiring foreign tourists to provide a negative PCR test result for coronavirus, a rapid test for coronavirus antigens and a vaccination certificate or passport are canceled.
After the documentary "Gerard Depardieu : My Uzbek Dream" was shoot, Arnaud Frilley reveals Uzbekistan, which fascinates with the beauty of its landscapes and cultural richness. Novastan was particularly interested in the role of Uzbeks in the creation of this documentary.
Join us on Facebook!
And keep updated with our tour promotions, or follow us on