At the Heart of the Silk Roads
At the Heart of the Silk Roads
In the shade of mulberry trees, the city of Bukhara was an important stop on the Silk Road. A museum city that testifies to the rich past of Central Asia.
Bukhara- Buqaraq of the sogdienwhich would mean "fortunate place" and Vihara in Sanskrit which means a Buddhist monastery.
It is a city in Uzbekistan, located in the south-central part of the country. It is located on the lower reaches of the Zarafshan River, in the middle of an oasis, on the eastern edge of the Kyzyl Kum desert. It was connected by caravan routes to Mervet to the valleys of the rivers Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya (Naryn)
In the ninth century, the city becomes the capital of the Persian Samanid dynasty (875-999) and the appearance of the city is changed again: eleven access gates are observed, the "rabad" (suburb) extends around the inner part ("chakhristan"), the population increases significantly, professions determine the place of residence, many mausoleums and mosques are built (including the mausoleum of the Samanids)
In 999, the city was invaded by the Qarakhanids. At that time, monuments, still visible today, were built: the minaret of Arslan-Khana (Kalian minaret), the mosque of Magoki-Attari, the mosque of Namezgokh, the mausoleum of Chashma-Ayub (the source of Job)
Bukhara gave its name to the bougran, a strong canvas used in the lining of clothes, spelled boquerant by Marco Polo.
Bukhara is also the generic name given to Turkmen carpets, the main trading center of which is the Ashgabat Bazaar. These carpets are subdivided into teke andyomouth, the names of the two main Turkmen tribal families. Their very typical style can be easily recognized because the decoration of the field consists of the repetition of the same decorative motif, the goul, emblem of the weaver tribe.
The 140 monuments protected by UNESCO testify to the historical and cultural richness of this city.
The Ark Citadel
The Bolo Hauz Mosque
The Magok-i-Attari Mosque
The Po-i-Kalon complex
The Koch madrasas etc
Samarkand is famous for its surprisingly long history - it is one of the oldest cities in the world, founded 8 centuries BC. In the old days, this city was the most important point connecting East and West, and the Silk Road passed through Samarkand. Therefore, here, as nowhere else, a huge number of cultural and historical monuments have been preserved - such as mausoleums, museums, mosques, the ruins of ancient settlements and much more.
Samarkand was proclaimed in 2001 by UNESCO crossroads of cultures and world heritage site.
Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum is located near the Samani Mausoleum, in Bukhara, Uzbekistan. Its name means Job's well, due to the legend in which Ayub visited this place and made a well by striking the ground with his staff. The water of this well is still pure and is considered healing.
Siyob Bazaar , also called Siab Bazaar, is the largest bazaar in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. All daily necessities, such as "Samarkand naan", are sold. Siyob Bazaar is located adjacent to the Bibi-Khanym Mosque, and is visited not only by local people but also by domestic and foreign tourists.
Kamchik Pass is a mountain pass located in the east of Uzbekistan at an altitude of 2268 meters above sea level, near the border between Kyrgyzstan (in the North) and Tajikistan (in the South). The pass is the only land route for road transport between the Tashkent region and the Fergana Valley.
Jizak (or Jizzax / Jizzakh) is the administrative center of the Jizzakh region, a city of regional subordination of 180,000 inhabitants. A major transport hub, economic, scientific, educational and cultural center of the region. Located on the highway between Tashkent and Samarkand. It is also connected to these towns by a railway line. It is located on the northern foothills of the Nuratau Ridge, on the Sanzar River, in the southern part of the Mirzachul Steppe. It was founded in the 10th century, in an oasis rich in vegetation, as an important transit point on the Great Silk Road. The section of the Ustrushana trade route, passing through Jizzakh, was one of the most important on the entire stretch of the Silk Road.
Termez is a city in the center of Surkhandarya province in southern Uzbekistan, located on the right bank of the Amu Darya River, where it flows into the Surkhandarya River. This town is close to the border with Afghanistan, and along the road leading to Termez you can see a fence, a strip of trees, a neutral strip, and the majestic Amu Darya River, beyond which is Afghanistan. Termez is famous for its sincere people, chic pomegranates and a whole lamb roasted in a tandoor with juniper branches. If you visit this city, it is definitely worth seeing its main attractions.
According to the decision of the Republican Special Commission, from June 10, 2022, temporary restrictions related to the coronavirus will be lifted on entering Uzbekistan by air, border stations and border checkpoints.
In this regard, the rules requiring foreign tourists to provide a negative PCR test result for coronavirus, a rapid test for coronavirus antigens and a vaccination certificate or passport are canceled.
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