Nomads of the Steppe
Nomads of the Steppe
The city of Taraz, which is located in the south - west part of the Zhambyl Oblast, on the left bank of the Talas River. The population of the city is over 348,900 people. The distance from Taraz to Bishkek is 1,255 km.
Besides the regional center there are three towns of district subordination - Karatau, Zhanatas and Shu. Altogether in Taraz there are six archeological memorials (Taraz and Tortkul sites of ancient settlement of the 1st 17th centuries, Tonkeris manor of the 6th -12th centuries), 13 historic monuments, 53 memorials of architecture and urban planning, which reflect formation periods of the planning structure and the site development of historical part of the town, and seven pieces of monumental art.
Altyn Emel National Park is the largest and most famous nature conservation area in Kazakhstan, where the famous Singing Barkhan, the majestic Sak kurgans and the picturesque mountains of Aktau and Katutau are located. The park covers 523053 hectares and is located in the valley of the Ili River, 300 km away from the city of Almaty. Altyn Emel lies in the desert and mountain zones, where 1,800 species of plants grow. Within the park there are 78 species of mammals and 260 species of birds. On the spacious plains and mountain slopes gazelles, kulans and argali feel great. Apart from that, the park staff is doing a lot of work to weigh the endangered species like the Przhevalsky horse. Also in the national park there are radon sources.
There are 3 mountain's lakes which are strung along the Kolsay river. The source of the river Kolsay start from the South at the border between Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, in the Kungey Alatoo range :
All glacial lakes of the region are located at altitudes of 3200–3500 m closer to the central part of the Kungei Alatau range. Most of these lakes are not stable, the water level often change, appear and disappear. You may have in mind that in the hot summer months, the moraine dams of these lakes sometimes break through and form mudslides, which are dangerous for tourists. The main causes of mudflows are torrential rains, slipping of glaciers and moraines into moraine lakes, breakthrough of natural dams created by avalanches or debris on rivers.
In order to protect this unique environment, the State National Natural Park "Kolsay Lakes" was established in 2007.
Since its foundation by the kingdom of Kokand in 1820 and until its capture by the Russian troops in 1852, the fort was called Ak-Mechet (Ak-Meshit). Thus, the Count Vassili Perovski and General of the cavalry of Emperor Alexander II, took control of the southern borders of the Empire and dominated the khanate of Kokand. Fort Perovski takes its name in 1862, then Perovski city until 1925, when it will be named Kyzylorda (Kyzyl Orda in Kazakh means the red capital).
Kyzylorda today has nearly 300,000 inhabitants. You can visit the regional music theater and the theater named after N. Bekezhanova, the local history museum, the city's culture house named after Askar Tokmagambetov, the Saint Kazan church built in 1896 , the "Akmeshit" and Aitbay mosques built in 1878.
The monuments of interest are dedicated to Zhalantos Bahadir (Emir of Samarkand), the batyr of Koblandy, the batyr of Bukharbai, Batyrkhan Shukenov and Korkyt-Ata.
You can still see the railway station built in 1905 and the dam in 1956.
The actual international airport (KZO) is located 12,5 km southeast of Kyzylorda and was open in 1988. The former airport built in 1920 was located where is the actual main bus station.
Today these air companies operate from Kyzylorda airport : Air Astana (to Almaty and Nur-Sultan); Bek Air (to Nur-Sultan); FlyArystan (to Karaganda); SCAT (to Karaganda); Aeroflot (to Moscou-Sheremetyevo)